By Jueseppi B.
Susan Elizabeth Rice (born November 17, 1964) is an American diplomat, former think tank fellow, and civil servant. She is an American foreign policy advisor and United States Ambassador to the United Nations. Rice served on the staff of the National Security Council and as Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs during President Bill Clinton‘s second term. Rice was confirmed as UN Ambassador by the U.S. Senate by unanimous consent on January 22, 2009.
Early life and education
Rice was born in Washington, D.C. Her father, Emmett J. Rice (1919–2011), was a Cornell University economics professor and governor of the Federal Reserve System. Her mother is education policy scholar Lois Dickson Fitt, currently at the Brookings Institution. Her brother, John Rice, received an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School and is the founder of Management Leadership for Tomorrow (an organization committed to developing top minority talent for leadership roles in the business and non-profit sector). She is not related to Condoleezza Rice.
Rice was a three-sport athlete, student council president, and valedictorian at National Cathedral School in Washington, D.C., a private day girls’ school. She played point guard in basketball and directed the offense, acquiring the nickname “Spo,” short for “Sportin’.”
Her parents always told her to “never use race as an excuse or advantage.” As a young girl she says she “dreamed of becoming the first U.S. Senator from the District of Columbia.” She also held “lingering fears” that her accomplishments would be diminished by people who attributed them to affirmative action.
Awarded a Rhodes Scholarship, Rice attended New College, Oxford, where she earned a M.Phil. in 1988 and D.Phil. in 1990. The Chatham House-British International Studies Association honored her dissertation titled “Commonwealth Initiative in Zimbabwe, 1979-1980: Implication for International Peacekeeping” as the UK’s most distinguished in international relations.
Rice’s classmates and professors at Oxford included advocates of the role of the United Nations and international law (Sir Adam Roberts, Benedict Kingsbury), of global economic governance and international economic cooperation (Ngaire Woods, Donald Markwell), and of a firm stance against Russian authoritarianism (Michael McFaul).
Business and think tank activities
Rice was managing director and principal at Intellibridge from 2001 to 2002. In 2002, she joined the Brookings Institution as senior fellow in the Foreign Policy and Global Economy and Development program. At Brookings, she focused on U.S. foreign policy, weak and failing states, the implications of global poverty, and transnational threats to security. During the 2004 presidential campaign, Rice served as a foreign policy adviser to John Kerry.
Rice went on leave from the Brookings Institution to serve as a senior foreign policy advisor to Senator Barack Obama in his 2008 presidential campaign. On November 5, 2008, Rice was named to the advisory board of the Obama-Biden Transition Project.
U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations
On December 1, 2008, Rice was nominated by President-elect Obama to be the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, a position which he also upgraded to cabinet level. Rice is the second youngest and first African American woman US Representative to the UN. Dr. Rice has announced she will have both a transition team in place in New York and in Washington, DC at the State Department to be headed by US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton.
The 2010 National Security Strategy was referred to by Rice as a “dramatic departure” from its predecessor.
In light of the 2011 Libyan civil war Ambassador Rice gave a statement following a White House meeting with President Obama and U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon as the United States increased pressure on the Libyan leader to give up power. Rice made clear that the United States and the international community saw only one choice for Gaddafi and his aides: step down from power or face significant consequences. Rice offered some of the toughest rhetoric toward Gaddafi, blasting his denials of atrocities against his own citizens as “frankly, delusional.” “It only underscores how unfit he is to lead, and how disconnected he is from reality,” Rice said. Rice praised the U.N. Security Council for the unanimous resolution it passed that called for the freezing of Libyan government assets and military aid to the country. It also referred all claims of abuse of the Libyan people directly to the International Criminal Court.
Together with National Security Council figure Samantha Power, who already supported military intervention, and Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton, who came to support it, the three overcame internal opposition from Defense Secretary Robert Gates, security advisor Thomas Donilon, and counterterrorism advisor John Brennan, and the administration backed U.N. action to impose the no-fly zone and authorize other military actions as necessary. On 17 March 2011 Rice voted for United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 which sanctioned a Libyan no-fly zone.
The UK, France and Lebanon voted for the resolution while Brazil, Germany and India, and permanent members China and Russia both abstained. Rice and Clinton played major roles in getting the Security Council to approve this resolution, Clinton said that same day that establishing a no-fly zone over Libya would require the bombing of air defenses, as the U.S. seeks broad action to protect civilians fighting Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi’s regime. Rice said that “We are interested in a broad range of actions that will effectively protect civilians and increase the pressure on the Gaddafi regime to halt the killing and to allow the Libyan people to express themselves in their aspirations for the future freely and peacefully,”
On March 29, 2011, Rice said that the Obama administration had not ruled out arming the rebels fighting to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. In an interview on ABC’s Good Morning America program, Rice said there was no indication that Gaddafi was prepared to leave power without continued pressure from the International community. Referring to reports that members of Gaddafi’s inner circle were reaching out to the West, she said: “We will be more persuaded by actions rather than prospects or feelers. … The message for Gaddafi and those closest to him is that history is not on their side. Time is not on their side.
The pressure is mounting. In January 2012 after the Russian and Chinese veto of a UNSC resolution, Rice strongly condemned both countries for vetoing a resolution calling on Bashar al-Assad to step down. “They put a stake in the heart of efforts to resolve this conflict peacefully,” Rice said on CNN. “The tragedy is for the people of Syria. We the United States are standing with the people of Syria. Russia and China are obviously with Assad.” She added that “Russia and China will, I think, come to regret this action”. “They have … by their veto dramatically increased the risk of greater violence, and you’ve seen manifestations of that.” In her words, “the United States is disgusted that a couple of members of this Council continue to prevent us from fulfilling our sole purpose.”
Susan Rice serves on the boards of several organizations, including the National Democratic Institute, the U.S. Fund for UNICEF, board of directors of the Atlantic Council, advisory board of Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies at Stanford University, the board of directors of Bureau of National Affairs, board of directors of Partnership for Public Service, the Beauvoir National Cathedral Elementary School, and past member of the Internews Network’s board of directors.
Awards and honors
- Rice was inducted into Stanford’s Black Alumni Hall of Fame in 2002.
- Served as Baccalaureate Speaker, at Spelman College (Atlanta, GA), in May 2010.
- Served as the Commencement Speaker, at Stanford University (Palo Alto, CA), in June 2010.
- Served as the Commencement Speaker, at the University of Miami (Coral Gables, FL), in May 2012.
Susan Rice delivered the commencement speech at Spelman College and received an honorary doctorate.
|27th United States Ambassador to the United Nations|
January 22, 2009
|Preceded by||Zalmay Khalilzad|
|12th Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs of the United States|
October 9, 1997 – January 20, 2001
|Preceded by||George Moose|
|Succeeded by||Walter Kansteiner|
|Born||Susan Elizabeth Rice
November 17, 1964(age 47)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Ian Cameron (1992–present)|
|Alma mater||Stanford University
New College, Oxford
- US warns of failed Syrian peace plan (heraldonline.com)
- Conversation with Dr. Susan Rice (dinmerican.wordpress.com)
- Amb. Rice urges US youth to travel, use technology (thehill.com)
- Actions outside UN Security Council Likely in Syria – Rice (en.rian.ru)
- Ambassador Susan E. Rice to Address Spelman College Class of 2010 (prweb.com)
- On the Ground: Join Nicholas Kristof and Ambassador Rice in a Live G+ Hangout (kristof.blogs.nytimes.com)