You probably never heard his name before right this second. You use his invention every second or every day. Hell you can’t even go to a movie, eat a meal or take a bowel movement without your cell phone. Well Jesse Eugene Russell is why you even have a cell phone.
Jesse Eugene Russell: father of the cell phone
To this point, the economic growth leader of the 21st century is the wireless communications industry. Millions of people regularly use cellular phones. With today’s cell phone, you can talk to anyone on the planet. Cell phones include: a compact speaker, microphone, keyboard, display screen, and a powerful circuit board with microprocessors that make every phone a miniature computer. When connected to a wireless network, this bundle of modern-day technology allows you to make phone calls or exchange data with other phones and computers around the world.
Jesse Eugene Russell is an African-American inventor who brought the world cell phones. Trained as an electrical engineer at Tennessee State University, at 63, Russell is recognized globally as a thought-leader, technology expert and innovator of wireless communications. He has more than 30 years experience in advanced wireless communications and is the recognized father of digital cellular technology. The Historically Black College and University (HBCU) graduate is former chief wireless architect for AT&T Bell Laboratories and served as chief technology officer for Lucent Wireless. An icon in the industry, Russell holds more than 75 patents in digital cellular technologies, dual-mode digital cellular phones and digital software radio. An American legend, in 1995 Russell was inducted into the National Academy of Engineering for “pioneering work in digital cellular communications technology.”
Russell’s innovations continue to spark the international economy. The globe expects some 2.5 billion smartphones to be sold from 2010 to 2015. The main reason for cell phones’ popularity over the past 20 years is the faster and easier communications it provides. A cell phone is really a very sophisticated and versatile radio. Much like a walkie-talkie, a cell phone receives and sends radio signals. Wireless networks operate on a grid that divides cities or regions into smaller cells. One cell might cover a few city blocks or up to 250 square miles. Every cell uses a set of radio frequencies or channels to provide service in its specific area. In each cell, there is a base station consisting of a wireless antenna and other radio equipment. The wireless antenna in each cell links callers into the local telephone network, the Internet or another wireless network.
African Americans can take pride in what Russell has achieved in the planet’s business advancements. From being honored by the Clinton administration for his work in cell phones and wireless communications, Russell continues to innovate, specifically in the next generation’s (4G) broadband wireless communication technologies, products, networks, and services. Rising from a disadvantaged background, Russell’s career, and knowledge in wireless technology and standards advanced as he served in numerous high-level corporate positions; Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), Vice President of Advanced Wireless Technology Laboratory (Bell Labs), Chief Technical Officer for the Network Wireless Systems Business Unit (Bell Labs), Chief Wireless Architect of AT&T, and Vice President of Advanced Communications Technologies for AT&T Laboratories (formerly part of Bell Labs).
Russell’s early childhood was spent in economically and socially challenged neighborhoods within inner-city Nashville. Russell says a key turning point in his life was the opportunity to attend a summer educational program at Fisk University. It was here that Russell began his academic and intellectual pursuits. Russell continued his education at Tennessee State University where he focused on electrical engineering and received a Bachelor of Science Degree in 1972. An excellent example of “a Black achiever,” Russell was a top honor student in Tennessee State’s School of Engineering and became the first African American to be hired directly from an HBCU by AT&T’s Bell Laboratories and subsequently became the first African American to be selected as the Eta Kappa Nu Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer of the Year in 1980.
Russell continues his personal and corporate leadership in the industry and is currently chairman and CEO of incNETWORKS.com, a New Jersey-based broadband wireless communications company focused on the next generation of broadband services (4G) broadband wireless communications technologies, networks and services.
Jesse Eugene Russell – Father of 2G 3G AND 4G
American inventor – Trained as an electrical engineer at Tennessee State University and Stanford University, and working in the field of wireless communication for over 20 years, Russell has played a major role in shaping the wireless communications industry direction through his leadership and perspectives for standards, technologies as well as new wireless service concepts.
He holds numerous patents and continues to invent and innovate in the emerging area of next generation broadband wireless networks, technologies and services, which is frequently referred to as 4G. Russell was inducted into the United States’ National Academy of Engineering during the Clinton Administration for his innovative contribution to the field of Wireless Communication. He pioneered the field of digital cellular communication in the 80s through the use of high power linear amplification and low bit rate voice encoding technologies and received a patent in 1992 (US patent #5,084,869) for his work in the area of digital cellular base station design. Although no one person invented the cell phone; Jesse Russell was one of the key people to the invention of the today’s cell phone.
Russell is currently Chairman and CEO of incNETWORKS, Inc. a New Jersey-based Broadband Wireless Communications Company focused on 4th Generation (4G) Broadband Wireless Communications Technologies, Networks and Services.
As a top honor student in the School of Engineering, Russell became the first African American to be hired directly from a Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) by AT&T Bell Laboratories and subsequently became the first African-American in the United States to be selected as the Eta Kappa Nu Outstanding Young Electrical Engineer of the Year in 1980.
US Black Engineer of the Year for best Technical Contributions in Digital Cellular and Microcellular Technology, 1992, US Black Engineer Magazine.
Outstanding Scientist Award 1982, National Society of Black Engineers.
As the Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), this Bell Labs Group formally managed by Russell is credited with the invention of cellular radio technology and received the United States’ Medal of Technology for the invention – Wikipedia.
- incNETWORKS (PDF).
- Jesse Eugene Russell: father of the cell phone.
- The Greatest Stories Never Told: Jesse Russell (video).
- Jesse Russell – History makers.
- Jesse Russell – Blackinhistory.
|Born||Jesse Eugene Russell
April 26, 1948
|Residence||Piscataway, New Jersey|
|Education||B.S.E.E., Tennessee State University; M.S.E.E.,|
|Known for||Electrical Engineering; Digital Cellular Technology|
|Title||Chief Executive Officer|
|Spouse(s)||Amanda O. Russell|
|Children||Tina R. Carr
Jesse E. Russell Jr.
William E. W. Russell
Catalina M. Russell
|Parent(s)||Charles Albert Russell
Mary Louise Russell
Innovations and patents
Russell’s innovations in wireless communication systems, architectures and technology related to radio access networks, end user devices and in-building wireless communication systems have fundamentally changed the wireless communication industry. Known for his patented invention of the digital cellular base station, that enabled new digital services for cellular mobile users, Russell continues to innovate in the emerging next generation broadband wireless communication technologies, products, networks, and services as well as “Mobile Cloud Computing” which are shaping the forefront of the 4G Communication Industry.
Over 100 patents granted or in process, thirty years of experience in Research and Development at prominent institutions, and pioneering technologies such as the invention of the first digital cellular base station and fiber optic microcell utilizing high power linear amplifier technology and digital modulation techniques, which allowed the beginning of the digital cellular evolution, digital cellular standards, personal communications networks as well as the emergence of “Mobile Cloud Computing” within 4G broadband wireless networks. These are only some of the inventions that have forged new directions for the wireless communication industry. Listed below are significant patents.
|7,437,158||Advanced multi-network client device for wideband multimedia access to private and public wireless networks|
|7,120,139||Broadband cable telephony network architecture IP ITN network architecture reference model|
|5,724,665||Wireless communication base station|
|5,655,003||Wireless terminal having digital radio processing with automatic communication system selection capability|
|5,608,780||Wireless communication system having base units which extracts channel and setup information from nearby base units|
|5,257,397||Mobile data telephone|
|5,084,869||Base station for mobile radio telecommunications systems|
Jesse is currently building the first Broadband Wireless Communications Network focused on 4th Generation Hybrid Fiber-Wireless Communications Networks and Technologies that is fully compliant with International Telecommunications Union (ITU) standards. Russell continues to innovate and invent new wireless communications technology solutions as the Chief Executive Officer of incNETWORKS which designs, sells, and manages privately owned broadband wireless communications’ equipment and networks for emerging broadband cellular applications based on Software Defined Radio and Cognitive Radio techniques. Offering broadband wireless communications solutions to small and mid-size business customers, incNETWORKS is one of the emerging technology leaders in the development of MicroLTE product platforms for 4G.
Russell joined Bell Labs as a Member of the Technical Staff. He was one of the first designers to embrace the use of microprocessor in the design of equipment for use in the telecommunication network for monitoring and tracking calling patterns within the Bell System Network. The system was referred to as the traffic data collection systems, which using a microprocessor-based portable data terminals for interfacing to electro-mechanical switching systems.
Russell’s career, and knowledge in wireless technology and standards advanced, while he served in the following positions; Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), Vice President of Advanced Wireless Technology Laboratory (Bell Labs), Chief Technical Officer for the Network Wireless Systems Business Unit (Bell Labs), Chief Wireless Architect of AT&T, and Vice President of Advanced Communications Technologies for AT&T Laboratories (formerly a part of Bell Labs).
As the Director of the AT&T Cellular Telecommunication Laboratory (Bell Labs), this Bell Labs Group formally managed by Russell is credited with the invention of cellular radio technology and received the United States’ Medal of Technology for the invention.
Russell continued to develop his expertise as he established and led an Innovation Center focused on Applied Research in Advanced Communication Technologies that enabling AT&T to extend its existing portfolio of services and expand into new businesses and markets. As a key decision maker in the selection and development of emerging communications technologies, Russell’s efforts lead to the rapid realization of new access network platforms that enable AT&T to expand its broadband communication network options (i.e., Specialization: Cable Access Networks, DSL Access Networks, Power-line Carrier Access Networks, Fixed Wireless Access Networks, Satellite Access Networks and Broadband Wireless Communications Networks). The applications of these access technologies were one of the keys in expanding AT&T’s interest in re-building it local access services business.
Professional memberships and affiliations
- Board of Directors Advisor, Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA)
- Board of Governors, IEEE Vehicular Technology Society
- Chairman of the Board, Electromagnetic Energy Association (EEA, Third term)
- Chairman, Mobile & Personal Communications Division of TIA
- Chairman, Telecommunication Industry Association (TIA) -Wireless Communication Standards Organization
- Fellow member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc (IEEE)
- Fellow member of the International Engineering Consortium (IEC)
- Inducted Member of the National Academy of Engineering
- Member of the Technological Advisory Council (TAC), U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
- Member of Eta Kappa Nu Honor Society
- Member of International Regulatory and Standards Committee on Third Generation Wireless Communications Systems
- Member of the Congressional Subcommittee on Technology Member, National Academy of Engineering (NAE), Electronic Engineering Section and Computer Science & Engineering Section
- Member of the Information & Technology Council of the American Management Association
- Member of the National Academy of Engineering
- Member Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society
- Member Tau Beta Pi Honor Society
- Past Chairman, Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) Cellular Radio and Common Carrier Section (1987–1992)
- Technical Program Chairman, 38th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Philadelphia
- Technical Program Chairman, 43rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, Secaucus
- Testified before Judge Green on Bell System Divesture