- 668 – Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse, Italy.
- 994 – Major Fatimid victory over the Byzantine Empire at the Battle of the Orontes.
- 1440 – Gilles de Rais, one of the earliest known serial killers, is taken into custody upon an accusation brought against him by Jean de Malestroit, Bishop of Nantes.
- 1530 – Appearance of the miraculous portrait of Saint Dominic in Soriano in Soriano Calabro, Calabria, Italy; commemorated as a feast day by the Roman Catholic Church 1644-1912.
- 1556 – Departing from Vlissingen, ex-Holy Roman Emperor Charles V returns to Spain.
- 1616 – The first non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe is opened in Frascati, Italy.
- 1762 – Seven Years’ War: Battle of Signal Hill.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: British forces land at Kip’s Bay during the New York Campaign.
- 1789 – The United States “Department of Foreign Affairs”, established by law in July, is renamed the Department of State and given a variety of domestic duties.
- 1794 – French Revolutionary Wars: Arthur Wellesley (later Duke of Wellington) sees his first combat at the Battle of Boxtel during the Flanders…
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