June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. June contains the summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere, the day with the most daylight hours, and the winter solstice in the Southern Hemisphere, the day with the fewest daylight hours (excluding polar regions in both cases). June in the Northern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent to December in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the traditional astronomical summer is 21 June (meteorological summer begins on 1 June). In the Southern hemisphere, meteorological winter begins on 1 June.
At the start of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Taurus; at the end of June, the sun rises in the constellation of Gemini. However, due to the precession of the equinoxes, June begins with the sun in the astrological sign of Gemini, and ends with the sun in the astrological sign of Cancer.
Calendar of National Awareness Month Celebrations in June
Celebrate June by promoting these events or causes
Most people are familiar with Father’s Day, Flag Day, and Juneteenth—all special days or observances that fall in June. But many other causes or topics far less familiar to the general public are part of the month of June.
Many countries adopt causes or special interest groups to promote during specific calendar months, and the U.S. is particularly prolific at creating “national month” events to promote a business or other interests, often to the point of confusion.
It’s interesting how “National Hunger Awareness Month” coincides with so many food-related observances in June. “Turkey Lovers Month” probably should be November, but it falls in June.
June serves as the national month for these topics and causes.
Health and Wellness
Since Father’s Day falls in June, it makes sense that June also is Men’s Health Month, as well as International Men’s Month. June also serves as the national month for Alzheimer’s and brain awareness, aphasia awareness, cataract awareness, hernia awareness, migraine and headache awareness, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) awareness, scleroderma awareness, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome awareness, child vision awareness, vision research, cancer from the sun, world infertility, and professional wellness. The month also recognizes the International Childhood Cancer Campaign and serves as Pharmacists Declare War on Alcoholism Month.
Next to health and wellness, this probably is the most popular category for national month recognition. Dairy products are the inspiration for both Dairy Month and Dairy Alternative Month. Foods and beverages that get their own national month in June include candy, fresh fruits and vegetables, iced tea, papayas, and seafood.
And, along with being Turkey Lovers Month, June also celebrates or recognizes soul food, steakhouses, and country cooking.
Arts and Culture
African-American Music Appreciation Month is a good fit for June since Juneteenth falls on June 19 in recognition of slavery being abolished in Texas on that day in 1865. June also is National Caribbean-American Heritage Month, and other arts recognized with their own month in June include audiobooks, accordions, and bathroom reading, which might be one of the oddest topics to get its own month.
It’s probably appropriate that Fireworks Safety Month is in June to prepare people for the Fourth of July.
Recognizing that the weather is getting warmer, June serves as Great Outdoors month and also is the national month for camping, gardening, roses, and rivers. Since not everything about warmer weather is pleasant, June also serves as Fight the Filthy Fly Month.
Home and Family
Children’s Awareness Month falls in June, as does Student Safety Month and Potty Training Awareness Month. For four-legged (or no-legged) members of the family, the month also celebrates shelter-cat adoption and aquariums. But, remember, it’s probably best to keep the cats away from the aquarium fish.
For family members who enjoy sports, June also is Sports America Kids Month and Women’s Golf Month.
Flag Day falls on June 14 in the U.S., but all of June is National Flag Month. Other topics or issues recognized throughout the month include celibacy awareness, gay and lesbian pride, lane courtesy, hunger awareness, safety, smiling, and rebuilding your life.
Etymology and History
The Latin name for June is Junius. Ovid offers multiple etymologies for the name in the Fasti, a poem about the Roman calendar. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, the goddess of marriage and the wife of the supreme deity Jupiter; the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning “younger ones”, as opposed to maiores (“elders”) for which the preceding month May (Maius) may be named. Another source claims June is named after Lucius Junius Brutus, founder of the roman Republic and ancestor of the Roman gens Junia
In ancient Rome, the period from mid-May through mid-June was considered inauspicious for marriage. Ovid says that he consulted the Flaminica Dialis, the high priestess of Jupiter, about setting a date for his daughter’s wedding, and was advised to wait till after June 15. Plutarch, however, implies that the entire month of June was more favorable for weddings than May.
Certain meteor showers take place in June. The Arietids takes place May 22 to July 2 each year, and peaks on June 7. The Beta Taurids June 5 to July 18. The June Bootids take place roughly between 26 June and 2 July each year.
Ancient Roman observances
Under the calendar of ancient Rome, the festival of Ludi Fabarici took place on May 29 – June 1, Kalendae Fabariae took place on June 1, the Festival to Bellona took place on June 3, Ludi Piscatorii took place on June 7, and Vestalia took place from June 7 – June 15. A Rosalia was held on June 20. The Secular Games were held roughly every 100 years in either May or June. These dates does not correspond to the modern Gregorian calendar.
Events in June
- In Catholic tradition, June is the Month of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus.
- African-American Music Appreciation Month (United States)
- ALS Awareness Month (Canada)
- Caribbean American Heritage Month (United States)
- Crop over (Barbados), celebrated until the first Monday in August.
- Great Outdoors Month (United States)
- National Smile Month (United Kingdom)
- National Oceans Month (United States)
- Season of Emancipation (April 14 to August 23) (Barbados)
- PTSD Awareness Month (United States)
- LGBT Pride Month (United States)
Non-Gregorian observances: 2018 dates
(Please note that all Baha’i, Islamic, and Jewish observances begin at the sundown prior to the date listed, and end at sundown of the date in question unless otherwise noted.)
Movable observances, 2017
- Bike to Work Week Victoria (May 29 – June 4)
- Phi Ta Khon (Dan Sai, Loei province, Isan, Thailand) Dates are selected by village mediums and can take place anywhere between March and July.
- Lajkonik: June 7 (Kraków, Poland)
- Feast of the Sacred Heart: June 8
- Petertide (Anglican): June 24 (Sunday nearest to June 29)
- Sunday of All Saints: June 3
- Apostles’ Fast: June 4–29
- Feast of the Cathedral of Holy Etchmiadzin: June 10 (Armenian Apostolic Church, 64th day after Pascha)
First Friday: June 1
First Saturday: June 2
- Birthday of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Malaysia)
- National Trails Day (United States)
- Saiō Matsuri (Meiwa, Mie, Japan)
First Sunday: June 3
- Armed Forces Day (Canada)
- Children’s Day (United States)
- Father’s Day (Lithuania, Switzerland)
- National Cancer Survivors Day (United States)
- Teacher’s Day (Hungary)
- The Seamen’s Day (Iceland)
First Monday: June 5
- June Holiday (Lá Saoire i mí Mheitheamh) (Republic of Ireland)
- Queen’s Official Birthday (New Zealand, Cook Islands, Western Australia)
- Western Australia Day
First Wednesday: June 7
Second Thursday: June 8
Second Saturday: June 10
- China’s Cultural Heritage Day (China)
- Start of National Dairy Goat Awareness Week, ending on the third Saturday (2017 date: June 16).
- National Day (Montserrat, Pitcairn Islands, Saint Helena, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom))
- Queen’s Official Birthday (United Kingdom, Tuvalu)
Second Sunday: June 11
- Canadian Rivers Day
- Children’s Day (United States)
- Father’s Day (Austria, Belgium)
- Mother’s Day (Luxembourg)
Third Week: June 11–17
- Bike Week (Bicycle Week) (United Kingdom, Ireland)
Monday after the second Saturday: June 12
Second Monday: June 12
- Queen’s Official Birthday (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Australia, with the exception of Western Australia, which celebrates on the first Monday)
Third Friday: June 16
Third Saturday: June 17
Third Sunday: June 17
- Father’s Day (Afghanistan, Albania, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curaçao, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Dominica, Ecuador, Ethiopia, France, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guyana, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait, Laos, Macau, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, People’s Republic of China, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe).
Solstice: June 21
Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere
- Day of Private Reflection (Northern Ireland)
- International Surfing Day
- International Yoga Day
- Juhannus (Finland)
- National Aboriginal Day (Canada)
- World Music Day
Winter Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere
Friday following Third Sunday: June 23
Saturday between June 20–25: June 24
Saturday nearest Summer Solstice: June 24
Last Saturday: June 24
- Armed Forces Day (United Kingdom)
- Inventors’ and Rationalizers’ Day (Russia)
- Veterans’ Day (Netherlands)
Monday Nearest to June 24: June 25
- PTSD Awareness Day (United States)
Last Thursday: June 29
Last Sunday: June 30
Fixed Gregorian observances
- May 15 – June 15 Tourette Syndrome awareness month.
- May 25 – June 25 Bicycle Month (Canada)
- May 27 – June 3 National Reconciliation Week (Australia)
- May 28 – Flag Day (Philippines) (Display of the flag in all places until June 12 is encouraged)
- May 31 – June 1 Gawai Dayak (Dayaks in Sarawak, Malaysia and West Kalimantan, Indonesia)
- June 1
- Children’s Day (International), and its related observances:
- Fei Fei Day (Vancouver)
- Global Day of Parents
- Independence Day (Samoa)
- Madaraka Day (Kenya)
- National Maritime Day (Mexico)
- National Tree Planting Day (Cambodia)
- Neighbours’ Day (International)
- Pancasila Day (Indonesia)
- President’s Day (Palau)
- Victory Day (Tunisia)
- World Milk Day
- June 2
- Children’s Day (North Korea)
- Civil Aviation Day (Azerbaijan)
- Coronation of King Jigme Singye Wangchuck (Bhutan)
- Day of Hristo Botev (Bulgaria)
- Decoration Day (Canada)
- Festa della Repubblica (Italy)
- International Whores’ Day
- National Rocky Road Day (United States)
- National Rotisserie Chicken Day (United States)
- Social Forestry Day (Bhutan)
- June 3
- June 4
- Armed Forces Day/Birthday of Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (Finland)
- Emancipation Day/Independence Day (Tonga)
- Flag Day (Estonia)
- International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression
- National Cheese Day (United States)
- National Cognac Day (United States)
- National Unity Day (Hungary)
- Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989 Memorial Day (International)
- June 5
- Arbor Day (New Zealand)
- Constitution Day (Denmark)
- Constitution Day (Faroe Island)
- Day of Reclamation (Azerbaijan)
- Father’s Day (Denmark)
- Indian Arrival Day (Suriname)
- Liberation Day (Seychelles)
- National Gingerbread Day (United States)
- National Moonshine Day (United States)
- President’s Day (Equatorial Guinea)
- Teachers’ Day (Romania)
- World Environment Day
- June 6
- Anniversary of the Normandy Landings
- Argentina’s Engineering Day
- Engineer’s Day (Taiwan)
- Memorial Day (South Korea)
- Korean Children’s Union Foundation Day (North Korea)
- National Applesauce Day (United States)
- National Day of Sweden (Sweden)
- Queensland Day (Queensland)
- Teachers’ Day (Bolivia)
- UN Russian Language Day (United Nations)
- June 7
- Anniversary of the Memorandum of the Slovak Nation (Slovakia)
- Battle of Arica Day (Arica y Parinacota Region, Chile)
- Birthday of Prince Joachim (Denmark)
- Chocolate Ice Cream Day (United States)
- Commemoration Day of St John the Forerunner (Armenian Apostolic Church)
- Flag Day (Peru)
- Journalist Day (Argentina)
- Ludi Piscatorii (Roman Empire)
- Sette Giugno (Malta)
- Union Dissolution Day (Norway)
- June 8
- June 9
- June 10
- June 11
- American Evacuation Day (Libya)
- Birthday of Prince Henrik (Denmark)
- Brazilian Navy commemorative day
- Davis Day (Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, Canada)
- Kamehameha Day (Hawaii, United States)
- National Corn on the Cob Day (United States)
- National German Chocolate Cake Day Day (United States)
- Student Day (Honduras)
- June 12
- June 13
- June 14
- Commemoration of the Soviet Deportation related observances:
- Day of Memory for Repressed People (Armenia)
- Flag Day (United States)
- Freedom Day (Malawi)
- Liberation Day (Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands)
- World Blood Donor Day (international)
- June 15
- Arbor Day (Costa Rica)
- Cagayan de Oro Charter Day (Cagayan de Oro City)
- Day of Valdemar and Reunion day (Flag Day) (Denmark)
- Engineer’s Day (Italy)
- Global Wind Day (international)
- Mangaia Gospel Day (Mangaia, Cook Islands)
- National Lobster Day (United States)
- National Salvation Day (Azerbaijan)
- Statehood Day (Arkansas, United States)
- June 16
- June 17
- Bunker Hill Day (Suffolk County, Massachusetts, United States)
- Father’s Day (El Salvador, Guatemala)
- Icelandic National Day
- National Eat Your Vegetables Day (United States)
- Occupation of the Latvian Republic Day (Latvia)
- World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought (International)
- Zemla Intifada Day ()
- June 18
- June 19
- Day of the Independent Hungary (Hungary)
- Feast of Forest (Palawan)
- Juneteenth (United States, especially African Americans)
- Labour Day (Trinidad and Tobago)
- Laguna Day (Laguna)
- Never Again Day (Uruguay)
- Surigao del Norte Day (Surigao del Norte)
- Surigao del Sur Day (Surigao del Sur)
- World Sickle Cell Day (International)
- World Sauntering Day
- June 20
- Day of the National Flag (Argentina)
- Festival in honor of Summanus (Roman Empire)
- Gas Sector Day (Azerbaijan)
- Martyrs’ Day (Eritrea)
- National Ice Cream Soda Day (United States)
- National Kouign Amann Day (United States)
- National Vanilla Milkshake Day (United States)
- West Virginia Day (West Virginia)
- World Refugee Day (International)
- June 21
- June 22
- June 23
- Father’s Day (Nicaragua, Poland)
- Grand Duke’s Official Birthday (Luxembourg)
- International Widows Day (international)
- National Day of Remembrance for Victims of Terrorism (Canada)
- Okinawa Memorial Day (Okinawa, Japan)
- St John’s Eve (Roman Catholic Church, Europe):
- United Nations Public Service Day (International)
- Victory Day (Estonia)
- June 24
- Army Day or Battle of Carabobo Day (Venezuela)
- Bannockburn Day (Scotland)
- Day of the Caboclo (Amazonas, Brazil)
- St John’s Day, second day of celebrations.
- Youth Day (Ukraine)
- June 25
- June 26
- Army and Navy Day (Azerbaijan)
- Flag Day (Romania)
- Independence Day (Madagascar)
- Independence Day (Somalia)
- International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking (International)
- International Day in Support of Victims of Torture (International)
- National Chocolate Pudding Day (United States)
- Ratcatcher’s Day (Hamelin, Germany)
- Sunthorn Phu Day (Thailand)
- June 27
- Canadian Multiculturalism Day (Canada)
- Day of Turkmen Workers of Culture and Art (Turkmenistan)
- Helen Keller Day (United States)
- Independence Day (Djibouti)
- Mixed Race Day (Brazil)
- National HIV Testing Day (United States)
- National PTSD Awareness Day (United States)
- Seven Sleepers Day or Siebenschläfertag (Germany)
- Unity Day (Tajikistan)
- National PTSD Awareness Day (United States)
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30
- June’s birthstones are pearl, alexandrite and moonstone.
- The birth flowers are rose and honeysuckle.
- The zodiac signs for the month of June are Gemini (until June 20) and Cancer (from June 21 onwards).
For students and teachers alike, June is often their favorite month. School’s out and the days are long. But where did the first month of summer get its name? In Old English, this month was often referred to as simply “midsummer month.” It also may have been called “sere-month,” meaning “dry and withered,” though this term may have meant June, July or August.
In the seventeenth century, the Latin name for the sixth month crept into English, Iūnius, meaning “sacred to Juno,” the Roman goddess. At this point in history, the capital forms of J and I were not yet distinguished from one another.
Juno is the Roman counterpart to the Greek goddess Hera. In Roman myth, she is the patron goddess of Rome. She is shown alternately as a cruel goddess (in Virgil’s Aeneid) and the goddess of marriage and childbirth. In fact, summer weddings are still very popular, and they may have started because of the blessing that this goddess bestowed on those wed in her sacred month.
(Why is May also a verb? Find out here.)
In the United States, the name June skyrocketed in popularity in the early twentieth century. In 1925, it was the 39th most popular name for a baby girl, as favored as Sarah and Allison are today. The name fell out of popularity through the rest of the century, but it has recently been back in vogue.
Facts About The Month Of June
June, named after Juno, the goddess of marriage, is the sixth month of the year, and is one of the four months with a length of 30 days. Just like the month of May, no other month begins on the same day as June. This is also the month with the longest daylight hours of the year.
June’s birthstones are the Alexandrite, the Moonstone, and the Pearl. Alexandrite represents health and longevity. Moonstones represents change, new beginnings and the shifting tides of emotion and can help a wearer to alleviate stress, especially due to sudden changes in life. Moonstone is also believed to increase intuition and aid in lucid dreaming. Pearls symbolize purity of heart and faith, as well as growth and transformation through difficult circumstances.
Its birth flowers are the honeysuckle and the rose. Honeysuckle traditionally stands for bonds of devotion, love, fidelity and generosity. Few flowers have as many meanings attributed to them as the rose. Depending on the type of rose, roses can indicate romantic love, secrecy, desire, gratitude, mourning, impossible hopes, modesty, joy, love at first sight, innocence, sacrifice and much more. In the traditional language of flowers, roses are among the most important flowers.
Gemini and Cancer are the astrological signs for June. Birthdays from June 1 through the 20 fall under the sign of Gemini while June 21 through the 30 birthdays fall under the sign of Cancer.
A Bug Named June?
The June Bug, also known as June beetle, is the name for several large beetles seen in the United States during May and June. They are usually seen at night when the light attracts them.
June bugs eat the young leaves of trees and plants. They deposit their eggs in the ground and the young larvae bury themselves in the soil in the autumn and stay there two years. They then come out in May or June as adult beetles.
- International Men’s Month
- National Seafood Month
- National Candy Month
- National Dairy Month
- National Iced Tea Month
- 5 World Environment Day
- 6 D Day, WWII
- 14 Flag Day
- 15 Father’s Day – third Sunday
- 19 Juneteenth Day
- 21 Summer Solstice, the longest day of the year.
Here are a few interesting things and the month of June along with some events that fall during this month:
- De Soto claimed Florida for Spain, June 3, 1539.
- U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy was shot by an assassin on June 5, 1968 and he died the following day.
- The YMCA was organized in London on June 6, 1844.
- The Continental Congress adopted the Flag of the United States on June 14, 1777.
- Charles Goodyear was granted a patent for rubber vulcanization, June 15, 1844.
- The Ford Motor Company was founded on June 16, 1903.
- Congress adopted the design for the Great Seal of the United States on June 20, 1782.
- Eli Whitney applied for a patent on the cotton gin, June 20, 1793.
- President Andrew Johnson announced the purchase of Alaska from Russia, June 20, 1867.
- Daniel Carter Beard, founder of Boy Scouts of America, was born on June 21, 1850.
- Cyrus McCormick was granted a patent for the reaper on June 21, 1834.
- The United Nations Charter was signed by delegates from 50 nations at San Francisco on June 26, 1945.
June, 2018 Daily Bizarre, Unique and Special Holidays
- Aquarium Month
- Candy Month
- Dairy Month
- Fight the Filthy Fly Month
- National Gardening Week – First full week of month
- Gay Pride Month
- National Accordion Awareness Month
- National Adopt a Cat Month
- National Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Month
- Rose Month
- Turkey Lovers Month
- Fishing Week, Week 1
- Email Week, Week 2
- Lightning Safety Week – Last full week of Month
June, 2018 Daily Holidays, Special and Wacky Days:
1 Dare Day
1 National Doughnut Day always the first Friday in June
2 National Trails Day First Saturday in June
6 National Gardening Exercise Day– Get out and exercise with your plants.
7 VCR Day
10 Iced Tea Day
12 Red Rose Day
14 Flag Day
16 National Hollerin’ Contest Day – third Saturday in June
16 World Juggler’s Day – Saturday closest to June 17th
TBD Nursing Assistants Day – First day of National Nursing Assistants Week
17 Father’s Day – third Sunday
18 National Splurge Day – Oh yeah!!
21 Go Skate Day
21 Finally Summer Day / Summer Solstice – date varies
22 Take Your Dog to Work Day Friday after Father’s Day
28 Insurance Awareness Day – Now who do you think invented that!?!
29 Camera Day
29 Hug Holiday
30 Meteor Day
National DJ Month*
African-American Music Appreciation Month
Fight the Filthy Fly Month
LGBTQIA Pride Month
Men’s Health Month
National Accordion Awareness Month
National Adopt a Cat Month
National Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Month
National Candy Month
National Camping Month
National Country Cooking Month
National Dairy Month
National Great Outdoors Month
National Iced Tea Month
National Papaya Month
National Safety Month
National Soul Food Month
Turkey Lovers Month
What’s happening in June 2018? June brings beautiful bouquets, delicious fruits and vegetables, and an urge to get out there and enjoy the sunshine. See June holidays, history, seasonal advice, and more!
It is the month of June,
The month of leaves and roses,
When pleasant sights salute the eyes,
And pleasant scents the noses.
–N. P. Willis (1807-67)
June is named after the Roman goddess Juno, patroness of marriage and the well-being of women.
- Tuesday, June 5 is World Environment Day to raise environmental awareness across the globe.
- Wednesday, June 14 is Flag Day (U.S.). Be sure to raise the flag! See flag guidelines.
- Father’s Day is on Sunday, June 17 this year. Read all about the history of Father’s Day here.
- The summer solstice falls on June 21 in the Northern Hemisphere at 6:07 a.m. EDT. In the Southern Hemisphere, winter begins at this time.
- June 24 is Midsummer Day, traditionally the midpoint of the growing season, halfway between planting and harvesting.
Cut your thistles before St. John [June 24],
You will have two instead of one.
RECIPES FOR THE SEASON
See “What’s in Season: Summer Recipes” for more seasonal recipes.
Everything’s coming up roses in June! See our Roses Plant Care Guide.
How are the tomatoes doing? See our Tomato Guide for pest control and tips.
Got slugs, weeds, or other annoying insects? See our Pests and Problems library.
Mow grass when it’s 2 to 3 inches high. See our lawn care tips.
For all your cut flowers, see how to make your bouquets last!
If June be sunny, harvest comes early.
June damp and warm does the farmer no harm.
Since the weather is warm, try saving some money this summer by using a clothesline to dry your clothes instead of the dryer.
NATURE AND WILDLIFE
June is also a big month for fishing. Check out the best fishing days for the year.
To help you catch this year’s prize fish, check out the Four Fundamentals of Successful Fishing.
Look up! Enjoy the night sky from your own backyard. See our June Sky Map and highlights.
The Full Strawberry Moon rises on June 28, at 12:53 a.m. EDT (so, June 27 in some time zones). Check the Full Moon times for YOUR location.
Many Native Americans used Moons to follow the seasons and called this the Full Strawberry Moon.
JUNE’S BIRTH FLOWER: HONEYSUCKLE OR ROSE
A rose in general indicates love or desire. Specific roses may relate other messages. For example, a white rose may mean “silence” or “new beginnings,” while a yellow rose signifies “jealousy.”
The honeysuckle denotes the bonds of love, or generous and devoted affection.
JUNE’S BIRTHSTONE: THE PEARL
Pearls are associated with purity, honesty, and calmness. If you dream of a pearl ring, expect romance.
Click here to learn about June’s birthstone.
THIS MONTH IN HISTORY
June 1: A Penny (or 10) for Your Thoughts
On this day in 1880, the first public telephone pay station in the United States began operation. It was installed in the New Haven office of the Connecticut Telephone Company. Callers paid a 10-cent fee to an attendant. In 1889, the first public phone to use coins was installed by the Southern New England Telephone Company in Hartford, Connecticut; the user inserted coins after the call was completed. In 1898, a prepay version was introduced in Chicago. In 1905, outdoor phones were installed with booths. (Superman didn’t start using them until 1941.)
June 4: And The Winners Are…
In the late 1800s, journalist Joseph Pulitzer became well known in the field for his business skill and passion for recognizing and training budding writers and artists. In his 1904 will, he established the Pulitzer Prizes to encourage excellence in the fields of journalism, letters and drama, music, and art.
On this day in 1917, the first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded:
- Journalism—Reporting: Herbert Bayard Swope of New York World, for a series of articles entitled “Inside the German Empire”
- Journalism—Editorial Writing: New York Tribune, for an article on the first anniversary of the sinking of the RMS Lusitania
- History: His Excellency J. J. Jusserand (French ambassador to the United States) for With Americans of Past and Present Days
- Biography or Autobiography: Laura E. Richards and Maude Howe Elliott, assisted by Florence Howe Hall, for Julia Ward Howe, 1819–1910
Although the first year offered four awards, today there are 21, including 14 in journalism, five in books, and one each in drama and music. Entrants send their submission according to specific requirements and pay a $50 fee. Jurors appointed by the Pulitzer Board for each category review the entries (more than 2,400 submissions are received each year!) and pass along to the Board three nominations as finalists. The Board then reviews these nominations and either selects from among them, finds a substitute, or chooses not to give an award for that category. The Board’s recommendations are then given to Columbia University in New York City, which (as specified in Joseph Pulitzer’s will) presents the awards, usually at a luncheon, in spring. The award varies with category, but currently may include $10,000 cash and a certificate, a gold medal, or a fellowship.